How to Plant Strawberries No matter what type of strawberry you grow, select a spot in full sun (that gets at least 6 hours of direct sunlight every day) for your bed that has moist, well-drained soil. Perfect for gardens of all sizes and climates, a strawberry can be grown in a pot, planter, hanging basket, bag or garden beds. Ensure that the base of the crown rests lightly on the surface before firming in gently. Strawberries are a favorite fruit for the home gardener, and Sarah eagerly awaits the first crop. You can start strawberries from either bare-root crowns or seedlings, but seedlings started in small 3- to 4-inch pots will establish themselves in containers faster than bare-root crowns. ‘Hapil’ AGM:Mid season - This mid-season cultivar produces heavy yields of light red fruits. One advantage of containers is that they allow you to move strawberries to follow the sunshine and bring them indoors during the winter. Remove damaged plant parts before they can become infected. After cropping has finished, cut off old leaves from summer-fruiting strawberries to allow fresh leaves to develop. Strawberry plants can be grown almost anywhere – in borders, containers or hanging baskets. Plant bare-rooted strawberry runners in spring or late summer/autumn. How to plant and grow strawberries Succulent, highly fragrant and bursting with sweetness, the strawberry is one of the easiest plants to grow, and also one of the most rewarding. To plant strawberries in containers, choose smaller plants and don't overcrowd the container. More information on propagating your own plants from runners. Plant the strawberry plants so their crowns are just above the soil surfac… ‘Symphony’(PBR) AGM:Late season - Acultivar from Scotland with attractive, glossy, red fruit and excellent flavour. Plasticulture: grow bare root strawberry plants on plastic. Can be susceptible to mildew. These will produce strawberries in 60 days, reverting to their natural cropping period the following year. The plants will grow until they eventually form thick, lush rows about 2' wide. In most climates, gardeners can plant strawberries as perennials. Afterwards, water the strawberries regularly to keep the soil moist, and pull out any weeds by hand, making sure to remove them by the roots. How to Plant Strawberries Space plants about 12 inches apart down a row. Fruits are firm and have excellent sweet flavour. Plant strawberries in sandy, loamy soil with a pH between 5.0-7.0. ‘Florence’:Late season - A late summer strawberry with good disease resistance. Prepare your ground by digging in two buckets of well-rotted manure or garden compost per sq m (sq yd). Netting may be required to protect from birds. By David Marks Strawberries are a relatively easy crop to grow and they produce very tasty fruit quickly. In greenhouses, reduce humidity by ventilating and avoid overcrowding of young plants and seedlings. Place … Planting in windy positions can deter pollinators from visiting flowers. Seedlings will send out runners, or ‘daughter’ plants, which in turn will send out their own runners. Try to avoid wetting crowns and fruit as this can promote disease. Strawberry plants require 6-10 hours a day of direct sunlight, so choose your planting site accordingly. Strawberries are tolerant of different soil types, although they prefer loam. Avoid areas prone to frost and soils that have previously grown potatoes, chrysanthemums, or tomatoes because they are all prone to the disease verticillium wilt. Pull out any weeds that do emerge. Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, General enquiries New strawberries rooted into pots can be overwintered in a greenhouse or cold frame then planted out in spring - particularly useful if winters are harsh in your area. Ideally, begin working in aged manure or compost a couple months before planting. Making Nursery-Mature Plants. Can be prone to disease. Perpetual strawberries – sometimes called everbearers – produce small flushes of fruits from early summer to early autumn. Keep the soil moist but not saturated. 020 3176 5800 Set plants out 20 inches apart to leave room for runners and leave 4 feet between rows. How Many Strawberries Do Strawberry Plants Produce? Small containers will need only one to two plants, but you can fill all the openings in a strawberry jar. ‘Alice’ AGM:Mid season - One of the best midsummer strawberries with a sweet flavour and juicy texture with good disease resistance. Water well for the first few weeks. Fill the container with loose, loamy potting mix that will hold water but will drain away any excess. Measure out planting holes 35cm (14in) apart. In this method, strawberry plants are planted about 1-1/2' apart, in rows about 4' apart. Tissue Culture Propagation. In May, protect your bed with fleece if overnight frost threatens developing fruits. Strawberries are traditionally grown in rows directly into garden soil. Grey mould ( botrytis) is a common disease especially in damp or humid conditions. More information on propagating your own plants from runners. Strawberries love a sunny location and rich, well-drained soil. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place. 1 cup) per square metre of garden and mix thoroughly into the soil. The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. Dig out a hole large enough to accommodate the roots. Cover all roots but keep the middle of the crown (the central growing bud where the leaves begin to emerge) at soil level. This will also help suppress weeds. The important thing is to plant early enough so your plants can get established before the really harsh temperatures hit. In the bottom of the hole, create a mound … Ideally, begin working in aged manure or compost a couple months before planting. You can buy runners from late summer to early spring, and they should be planted in early autumn, or early spring (avoid planting in winter when the ground is wet and cold). Runners look like little pieces of roots with very few leaves. Give strawberries room for runners by planting them 18 inches apart. Cut out infected areas into healthy tissue and clear up infected debris. Plant strawberries along the edge of a container so that the fruit can hang off the side. The large, bright, glossy fruits have good flavour. Adult vine weevils eat notches in the edges of leaves, while plump, creamy white larvae with brown heads cause more damage to the roots, on which they feed. Remove any damaged growth and protect the bed with a double layer of horticultural fleece if frost is forecast. Add a general purpose fertiliser such as Growmore at 100g per sq m (3oz per sq yd). Mould can also damage ripening fruit such as strawberries. In early spring, apply general fertiliser such as Growmore at a rate of 50g per sq m (2oz per sq yd). How to plant strawberries: dig out a hole big enough to spread out the roots of each strawberry plant. Growing strawberries like to set out runners. Soil should drain well and not become waterlogged after rain. Fruits during early summer. Strawberries are sprawling plants. The higher the number, the closer the zone is to the equator. Spade soil to a depth of 8-10 inches, working in plenty of compost or well-rotted manure. A foot-wide (30cm) hanging basket will hold three to four plants. Eat them as soon as possible; they do not keep well once ripened. There are early, mid-, and late fruiting cultivars cropping from early to mid-summer. In poor soils grow in raised beds, which improves drainage and increases rooting depth. Avoid planting in windy positions. ‘Honeoye’ AGM:Early croppers - A darkish berry with excellent flavour. Strawberry plants will spread out about 2 feet in every direction. Don’t be alarmed, this is how they should look. Summer-fruiting varieties have the largest  fruit. Now take the large plant or several small plants and plant them on the very top. Keep Strawberry Plants Healthy. Water frequently while new plants are establishing. For a quick harvest, it’s better to go with an 8-12 inch spacing to maximize the number of plants. You can also buy cold-stored runners. This isn't necessary with autumn fruiting plants, instead just remove old leaves in the end of season clear up. If squirrels are a problem, protect with wire mesh. Strawberries are so versatile – they just need sun, shelter, and fertile, well-drained soil. ‘Pegasus’ AGM:Mid season - A good, reliable cropper with excellent disease resistance, particularly to mildew and verticillium wilt. Episode 1: How to Plant Strawberries. Apply 300g (approx. And of course the fruit is extremely popular – home-grown strawberries taste delicious and are great value too! University of Maine Cooperative Extension discusses how to plant a strawberry bed. Planting bare root strawberries properly is the key to ensuring that they wake from their dormant state and begin berry production as soon as possible. This can kill the plants. If you’d rather spend less on plants and don’t mind a bit of a wait, it’s fine to space the plants a few feet apart. Also remove the straw mulch, fibre mat, or black polythene, to prevent a build-up of pests and diseases. As fruits start to develop, tuck straw or fibre mats underneath plants to keep fruit clean. Take off any netting so birds can feed on any pests. Planting the Strawberries 1 Dig a small hole for each plant 12–18 inches (30–46 cm) apart. ‘Cambridge Favourite’ AGM:Mid season - A traditional favourite, this variety can have a few disease problems but the fruit is juicy and possesses an excellent flavour. Nigel Slater’s soft set Strawberry jam is easy to make and tastes of summer. Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm, Join the RHS today and support our charity. Although this plant produces juicy and sweet fruit throughout the year, it isn’t the easiest to grow. Prepare the soil by digging in plenty of well-rotted garden compost and apply a dressing of sulphate of potash fertiliser. Avoid windy sites which will prevent pollinating insects from reaching the flowers. Blend in an application of Tui Strawberry Food. Rotate your strawbery patch onto fresh ground to minimise the risk of disease build up in the soil. Mounding improves drainage and increases air circulation around plants. Space rows 75cm (30in) apart. ‘Elsanta’:Mid season - The most widely grown commercial cultivar, it has superb flavour and large yields of glossy, red fruit. Strawberries are tolerant of different soil types, although they prefer loam. In the ground and raised beds: Space strawberries at least a foot apart from each other. Strawberries for sale in pots or packs (normally from late spring onwards) can be planted as soon as you buy them. During the growing season, give strawberry plants a liquid potash feed – such as a tomato feed – every 7 to 14 days. Strawberries are incredibly easy to grow. Expect strawberry plants to crop successfully for four years before replacing them. The crown of the plant, which is the swollen stem base, must be left at the surface of the soil and not buried too deep. Strawberry Plants Producing Runners but no Strawberries. Plant the strawberries so their roots are just buried, about 30-45cm apart, then firm the soil around them. Plant the Strawberries In early spring, dig small holes every 24" in the rows. A usually grey, fuzzy fungal growth which can begin as pale or discoloured patches. Position your plants about 30cm apart, in full sun. Pinch off all flowers until midsummer for the first season to encourage strong root and top growth. RHS Registered Charity no. As they grow, they spread by sending out runners, which root right in the garden bed and produce daughter plants. Strawberry plants can be spaced as close as 8 inches or as far apart as several feet. STRAWBERRY FAQ, Growing Strawberries Indoors (Hydroponics), reasons you should consider growing your own strawberries, Recommended Strawberry Varieties by State, How Many Strawberries do Strawberry Plants Produce, keeping birds, bugs, and other pests away from your strawberries, 4 Secrets to Growing Loads of Organic Strawberries, Mulching Strawberry Plants with Straw for Winter. Water the plants in well. In-ground gardens, raised beds, and containers are all excellent growing areas. In poor soils grow in raised beds, which improves drainage and increases rooting depth. This article will show you how to plant them, ongoing care, propagation, pests and diseases and our strawberry growing calendar. These can be planted from late spring to early summer and will fruit 60 days after planting. The following table lists the date ranges when you should plant strawberries according to USDA zones. View all Strawberries at the RHS Plants Shop. Rooting and Finishing Tissue Culture Plants. Perpetual strawberries are useful for extending the season. Alternatively, try growing in containers or growing-bags. Buy plants from a reputable supplier so that cultivars are true to type plants are disease free. Strawberries can be bought as potted plants or bare-rooted runners. Avoid windy sites which will prevent pollinating insects from reaching the flowers. Planting at the correct depth is important: if the crown is planted too deeply it will rot; if it is planted too shallowly the plants will dry out and die. If planting in the autumn or early spring, remove the first flush of flowers of perpetual strawberries, but remove flowers of summer strawberries only if the plants are weak. Black resting spores survive over winter. If you’re planting strawberry runners, spread the roots out in the hole and make sure the crown of the plant is resting at soil level. Strawberries grow best in loose, well-draining, slightly acidic soil with a pH between 5.5 and 6.8. Plant your strawberries in a container filled with potting mix, or in a sunny, well-draining spot in your garden. Set the plants so that soil covers the roots but the crown remains above the soil. Incorporate organic matter … References Also water during dry periods in the growing season. is hardy and has good disease resistance, although it can be susceptible to mildew. Make mounds about 10cm high for strawberries to be planted on. Plant strawberries in spring or fall based on your growing zone. Spores enter plants via damaged tissue, wounds or open flowers. A multi-tiered prefab raised bed filled with topsoil and compost is perfect for raising strawberries. Keep the soil moist and grow in cooler locations. Most do not keep their shape when frozen. times. Appears as a white powdery deposit over the leaf surface and leaves become stunted and shrivel. The crops are not so heavy as the summer-fruiting ones and the fruits are smaller, with the plants less likely to produce runners. Use a trowel and make a small hole that will fit the roots of your plant. 222879/SC038262. Strawberries are traditionally grown in rows directly into garden soil. Trim the roots lightly to 10cm (4in) if necessary, then spread them out in the hole. Steps for How to Plant Strawberries . Pick strawberries when they are bright red all over, ideally during the warmest part of the day because this is when they are at their most tasty. HOW TO PLANT STRAWBERRIES Provide adequate space for sprawling. In USDA zones 6 and colder, plant outside in the early spring. They have a short but heavy cropping period over two or three weeks. The everbearing strawberry plant is perfect for strawberry lovers—it bears fruit two to three times per year, giving you plenty of strawberries for recipes like strawberry smoothies and strawberry shortcake.. If you've planted  cold-stored runners in late spring to early summer, leave the flowers on. Growing Strawberries from Seed Firstly, don't economise on seed raising mix. Alternatively, try growing in containers or growing-bags. Plant in well draining, rich soil. Soil Fumigation. As these plants mature, they will drape over the sides and bush out hiding the water tube and adding beauty to your finished pot. CLICK PHOTO TO PLAY VIDEO. Strawberry plants require 6-10 hours a day of direct sunlight, so choose your planting site accordingly. Simply impressive - this Strawberry and mascarpone tart is simple to make but looks impressive. In zone 6 and further north, plant them outside during the spring months to ensure the plants are well-rooted by the following year. Allow for lots of space between the plants when planting. Late frosts can damage growth, leading to it dying or being distorted. Plant dormant, bare-root strawberry plants 18 to 24 inches apart in 3- to 6-inch-high, 3- to 4-foot-wide raised beds. RHS Garden Hyde Hall Spring and Orchid Show, Free entry to RHS members at selected Videos will load automatically. Spring planting is the most common time for planting strawberry plants and so depending on your area it will likely be best to plant in March or April. ‘Aromel’ AGM:Pepetual - A cultivar popular for its delicious flavour. Use a trowel to dig a hole big enough to accommodate the roots of the plant, and if you’re growing strawberries in the ground, plant them 45cm (18") apart, leaving 75cm (30") between rows. How to Plant Strawberries. It isn’t always easy to tell if the plant is alive and healthy, but there are some hints that can clue you into the welfare of the plants. Keep the roots in water to avoid drying out during the planting process. You can get special strawberry growing pots with balconies for individual plants. ‘Mara de Bois’:Pepetual - Well liked for its crop of intensely flavoured fruit that is said to be reminiscent of wild strawberries. 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